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at70   ‘LL’ by Partial  (Noé Cuéllar & Joseph Clayton Mills)

Music made from objects found in the basement of a thrift store in Pilsen, Chicago.

1.   ‘Marcel’                                                           24:35

2.   ‘Paul’                                                               15:46

3.   ‘A single Screw of Flesh is all that pins the Soul’   1:57

Performed, recorded, and composed by Noé Cuéllar and Joseph Clayton Mills, 2010-201111.

Youtube extract

Sleevenotes by Noé Cuéllar and Joseph Clayton Mills

‘In 2010 we were invited to participate in an exhibition of site-specific installations and performances at Pilsen Vintage and Thrift, a local second-hand store in Pilsen, a predominantly Hispanic neighbourhood in Chicago. The owner had agreed to make the store’s warehouse and basement available for art shows and performances after business hours. The basement was filled to overflowing with sale items waiting to be sorted through, repaired, or discarded—furniture, clothes, toys, old tools, instruments, baseball cards, dishes, photographs, electronics, and so on—and the idea for the first show was to invite artists to transform those materials into installations in the space.

We were asked to use the materials to create a sound piece, and in working over several months, we started thinking of the thrift store as a kind of repository for and distillation of the neighbourhood’s history—a jumbled, dust-covered museum of its past inhabitants. We mined the material for sounds that evoked a sense of the lives embedded in these objects. Our goal was to create a kind of conversation between the different timbres and textures of the objects and to draw out their ‘voices’. We ultimately composed and performed H, a long-form piece that used many of the items that we’d found to have interesting sonic possibilities, emphasising similarities and correspondences that we’d discovered (for example, between the sound of an antique music box and rusty nails dropped onto the cement floor). We invited vocalist Carol Genetti to join us for H's one-time-only performance.

Afterwards we decided that we wanted to work further with many of these sounds to construct a more complex, idealised version that elaborated on some of the ideas we had touched on in H. The result is Marcel, composed using many of the objects discovered in the basement of Pilsen Vintage, but augmented with other elements and instrumentation.

In contrast Paul is assembled from a series of improvised duo vignettes recorded while preparing for H. These recordings were made in situ during our initial investigations of the acoustics of the space, chiefly performed using materials that we discovered there. We spent several nights improvising, uncovering sounds, and experimenting with different combinations and juxtapositions of timbres. We hope that Paul retains some of the sense of discovery and exploration that came from our first encounters with the sounds.

The final track consists of an unaltered recording of one of the most remarkable items that we uncovered, a music box constructed in Geneva, Switzerland, in the 1890s, here allowed to speak with its own voice.

Interview with Noé Cuéllar and Joseph Clayton Mills by Daniel Jones

First of all could you tell me how you met and started working together, and when/where the idea came for the Suppedaneum label. 

NC: I heard a live recording of Haptic in 2008 or 2009 and I found JCM's contribution agreeable to some gestures I was working on at that time for a solo project, so I contacted him. We had many conversations about simple performance gestures with small objects, pairings of quiet sounds, and pulling the audience in. Spending all that time at Paul's store working on and LL was very satisfying for us, because we had access to many random forgotten objects of all sizes, from personal to industrial. Working with all those materials in a large space let us play with scale; for example, one quiet sound on the CD is actually one of us scratching the entire length of the ceiling, but very slowly. I think it was our interest in composing with sounds and small objects that later gave us the idea to launch Suppedaneum.


JCM: Noé got in touch with me about contributing to a project that he was working on. The music community in Chicago is very open, and there’s a lot of interest in each other’s work and in finding different ways to collaborate and build working relationships, and our duo grew out of that. We soon found that we shared an interest in quiet sounds, intimate performative gestures, subtle shifts in timbre, and so on, and we wanted to explore that further. One of the things that I’ve found most interesting in working with Noé is that we approach things in radically different ways to arrive at very similar results; or maybe we start from very similar immediate responses to sounds and sound-making, but contextualise them and think about them in very different ways. The label, which is focused on scores and their realisations, came about in a similar way. Noé is very interested in composition and different compositional practices, and that’s something that I was also interested in, but which I also have a great deal of wariness about, and it seemed like a potentially fruitful way in which our interests could intersect.


You're both interdisciplinary artists… how much of an overlap do you feel there is between your music and visual practice?


JCM: For me, similar concerns definitely inform both my visual work and my sound work, and I think of them along the same continuum. My recent project The Patient, for example, involved an exhibition of text-based paintings, a writing project involving the same text that turned into a score, which then turned into a performance, which then turned into a record. With LL, the original genesis of the record was a performance that took place in a vintage store in our neighbourhood, surrounded by art installations made from second-hand objects from the store’s warehouse. I think the visual or sculptural aspect of our performance with these objects was definitely an influence on our selection of what to incorporate (as were other “extra-musical” concerns, such as history and economy, that were implicit in the materials we were using). Personally, I’m very interested in using different mediums to approach the same ideas and tend to use similar strategies in both my visual work and my sound work. There’s usually a shift in context, for example—turning a text into something to be looked at, rather than read, or taking an object that isn’t usually thought of as musical and considering its musical identity. Neither of those are particularly original ideas in themselves, but shifting the context allows for residual, seemingly incidental qualities to be brought to the fore. For me, that opens up a way to consider the specificity of a text or an object or a sound, its particular material history, the way it registers the passage of time, and so on. I’m interested in how objects (or texts, or sounds, or people) are marked by their interaction with other objects and accumulate specific physical and emotional traces of their circulation, and moving across different disciplines is a way to explore that. Are those mysterious, seemingly irreducible traces readable and recoverable? Can that residue of experience be made palpable in the work? Ultimately, I’m interested in trying to give that individuality and specificity expression, whether visually, musically, or otherwise.


NC: I don't find much overlap between LL and my visual work except that I shot the cover photograph. It's a portrait of Paul at his store after closing hours, where most of LL came from. We wanted him and the store to be present in the artwork somehow.

You are both members of established and well known groups… I was wondering how your practice in these respective groupings impact upon this duo? Are the processes the same? Do you deliberately try and do something different? 


NC: The approach is similar in the sense that both Coppice and Partial are duo collaborations that are compositional, although in ways that are highly dissimilar. I'm involved in these collaborations based on different things we want to share, but I do find major differences in the processes, techniques, intentions, etc. 

JCM: In a sense, the overall process is the same, because both Partial and Haptic are very much about seeking out shared affinities and overlapping areas of interest, as well as negotiating differences. The specific nature of each collaboration, though, is informed by the personalities of the individuals who are involved and our interpersonal dynamics, and that plays a much bigger role than any formal parameters. As a result, even though there wasn’t a deliberate attempt to do anything different or to find another outlet for things that weren’t finding expression elsewhere, there’s a different sort of common ground to be explored in this project than in others in which I’m involved.

Joseph - you mentioned a wariness towards composition and compositional approaches within one of your previous answers... that's something that interests me a great deal so I was hoping you could expand upon that point a little?

JCM: I think that composition raises an enormous number of interesting, complicated questions, particularly for someone who doesn’t come from a traditional music background or who has a strong interest in the autonomy and responsibility that improvisation involves. I think that one has to be very careful in ceding that freedom, and one has to be careful as a composer in asking that from others. This is even (and maybe especially) the case when composing for oneself. For me personally, for example, the idea of codifying an approach or technique so that I can replicate it or deploy it to achieve a particular effect (even if that effect is a beautiful and interesting piece of music) isn’t something I’m particularly interested in. A sense of possibility, exploration, and spontaneity is what drew me to this kind of music in the first place, and as a performer, the idea of faithfully replicating a notated score, or even of being a vehicle for an idea that John Cage or Christian Wolff had in the sixties or something, also isn’t one that holds much interest for me.

On the other hand, I’m deeply interested in many of the issues that I think composition can highlight. Obviously, composition and performance aren’t simply in a hierarchical relationship, but are also inherently collaborative and, ideally, mutually illuminating, and the means by which that collaboration is negotiated can be really interesting. The problems that composition raises regarding communication among musicians, audience, and composer—and I’d also include constraints imposed by the materials and instruments used, the space of performance, tradition, and so on—are extremely challenging. It’s vulnerable to all of the difficulties and imperfections that plague any attempt to communicate, and I’m interested in the demands that it makes for clarity of expression, for respecting the autonomy of others while trying to articulate one’s own experience, for an attention to historical or social context, for locating oneself in a tradition, and so on. At the same time, those demands are very daunting, which also goes some way to explaining my wariness.

What about the intersection between composition and improvisation? We seem to have hit fertile ground in relation to that mode of production at the moment… what are your views on that?

JCM: I think it’s probably a good thing that those distinctions (and distinctions between composer and player) have broken down and seem to be increasingly irrelevant. There’s no need to be too precious about maintaining rigid hierarchical divisions, especially in an age of recorded music, digital editing, and so on, in which everything is essentially fair game.  As a listener, I can say that it’s led to some amazing recordings and performances. At the same time, I think that, like any marriage, it’s not to be entered into lightly. I feel like there’s a fundamental and often productive tension between the ethos of improvisation and composition, and it’s a challenge to draw on both strands without making one subservient to the other. Intertwining the two raises genuine issues, and I think that starting Suppedaneum, for me anyway, was a way to think about those issues from a certain remove, without being implicated as composer or performer. This record wrestles with similar issues, from a much less distanced perspective.

Shall we finish off by talking about Partial? Does the name signify anything in particular? Where did it come from? How should we best pronounce the title of the disc?

NC: We made a list of words to choose a duo name for this release. Joseph said he was partial to one of the words on the list, then I said "what about Partial?" and that was it. It's a good word to describe how the working process of LL went, Marcel in particular took a lot of tending... constant disagreements and balancing. I remember working on H was a lot smoother, but LL took shape back and forth for two years. I'm happy it's finished and out and hope it takes listeners to detailed places.

JCM: Noé and I are both partial to wordplay, deadpan humour, and puns, and once Noé suggested it, the meanings and resonances of Partial seemed to multiply in a nice, appropriate way. As for LL, the title emerged, on the one hand, from the title of the live performance that we did with Carol Genetti that served as the genesis of the record, which was called H (for reasons that are too long-winded to go into), which made us amenable to having a letter-centric title. We were calling the tracks Marcel and Paul, which each end with a letter L, and we both have two "L"s in our last names; it's also "fifty-fifty" in Roman numerals, which is another amusing coincidence. 

What’s in the future for you individually, as Partial and as the curators of Suppedaneum then?

NC: I'm taking a break from Suppedaneum but Joseph will continue curating it. No plans for new Partial work at the moment, but a lot of Coppice activity throughout the year.

JCM: There's a new Haptic record that's in process at the moment, and I'm also working on a couple of other collaborative projects. One is a full-length release for Maar, which is my duo with Michael Vallera (Coin, Cleared). I'm slowly working on a project with Deanna Varagona, who's an incredibly talented musician who used to be in a band called Lambchop, and Carrie Olivia Adams, who's an equally talented poet. The other thing that I'm really excited about at the moment is a collaboration with Marvin Tate, who's a Chicago-based writer, artist, soul singer, and all around raconteur. We're just finishing a record and will hopefully have some performances this spring. I'm hoping that Partial can reconvene for some more recording and live shows in the late spring or early summer, but nothing is definitive yet, given our insanely busy schedules. As for Suppedaneum, as Noé said, he's taking a (hopefully temporary) break from the label, but there are two new releases that should be ready to roll any day now and some more in the works for later this year, I hope!

Thanks… it’s been great talking to you!

Partial - Noé Cuéllar and Joseph Clayton Mills


“I've often opined that there are some folk who simply strike me as have such a marvelous, inherent (to my ears) musicality that most anything they do somehow manages to sound good. Not that I can parse out the contributions of Joseph Clayton Mills to Haptic and Noé Cuéllar to Coppice and other formations, but I have that sense here as well. As Partial, the pair made use of the kibble found in the basement of Pilsen Vintage and Thrift in Chicago to construct the two long tracks here (and the delightful coda), creating some outstanding, intimate and, well, very musical music.

"Marcel" uses material found in the store but "augmented" with other sources. It builds wonderfully from the opening sounds, crests and falls off suddenly into a more disparate world, rumbling and popping. You *do* get the feeling of a large, subsurface room, aflutter with activity. It's interesting knowing, via text, the nature of much of the sound sources (as there's no way you'd know from simply listening, in the sense of the kind of patina it casts over the piece, a subtly moving, nostalgic one. Much ground is covered; I especially enjoy the creaking and squeaking later on, a wonderful seesaw effect, very present and tactile. "Paul", built from a series of duo improvisations Mills and Cuéllar recorded when first investigating the scare is sparser, rawer, but no less captivating. Rubbing sounds predominate, adorned by metallic pings, scratches, dropped items (recorded well enough to have had me up off the couch, checking to see what happened in the other room) and a distant hum--verbal descriptions wont convey much but, as above, I hear a really fine sense of what's musical amidst these "non-musical" sounds, an acute sensitivity at play.

As a final grace note, we have "a SIngle screw of Flesh is all that pins the Soul" (great line which I shamefully admit having to look up--Emily Dickinson), a simple, gorgeous recording of a music box found int he thrift song, wound up and played as is, no more, no less. Very moving.

As is the whole disc, a beautiful, superlatively musical document.”

Brian Olewnick, Just Outside

“My parents are antique dealers, and antique dealers with a penchant for buying up hordes of complete rubbish in the hope that amongst it may lie an item or two worth vastly more than everything else added together. As successful as this approach has been for them, it has also meant that I have spent a lot of my life around houses piled high full of bric-a-brac and assorted other rubbish that nobody wanted any longer. I have subsequently often wondered if some of my interest in this weird and wonderful music springs from an unbringing surrounded by such clutter. I have often remarked, when surveying the tables full of assorted music making detritus laid out before us at concerts that such scenes remind me of junk shops and car boot sales- people making music from the stuff that others would, or possibly did discard. So the premise behind this nice little CD then is one that struck a chord with me. Noé Cuellar (of Coppice) and Joseph Clayton Mills (of Haptic) came together in 2010 after they were invited to create music using whatever they found in the basement of a second hand store in a local neighbourhood in Chicago as part of an arts event that also saw local visual artists create sculptures and images from the assorted ephemera. Various recordings were made, and a concert held, with a local vocalist making up part of a trio, but the sounds collected were of interest enough to Cuellar and Mills that they went away and created the music on this CD from them.

There are three tracks here, two lengthy pieces that make up the bulk of the disc and a cute little appendix added at the end. The first of the three, titled Marcel is finely crafted work formed not only from sounds gathered at the second hand store but also from additional elements and instrumentation added later. So after an initial momentary scrape of something brutally abrupt the track unfolds itself gradually into an acutely arranged structure of rustles, taps, ticking and chiming as various objects are, in some way or another opened, closed, rubbed, dropped etc to produce the sounds that have then been sculpted together, doubtlessly influenced by the physical sculptures made from some of the same objects around them. The track feels polished, beautifully mastered, and the additional sounds that have been added clearly bring a rounded, warm finish to the work, tying together the rougher elements.

The second track, a sixteen minute work named Paul has quite a different feel. Although created using the same items from the shop, this piece was assembled using improvisations made on site. The sense of neat arrangement that makes Marcel such a tightly sculpted work is replaced then by a raw immediacy and a rougher, edgier sound. The extremes are more obvious, from an elongated quiet period when something is gently scratched to quickly escalated shifts to loud, bristling climaxes of abrasive rubbing and scraping, the improvised element really stands out when following the more neatly crafted work. I am not sure which of the two tracks I prefer the most. If Marcel has a feeling of finely balanced precision so Paul feels energised and alive. Both tracks underline the versatility and resourcefulness of the musicians to pull what is quite an array of interesting sounds from limited tools, but its the inherent musicality they show here, something I have certainly mentioned about Joseph Clayton Mills’ work in Haptic before that brings alive what is literally a pile of old junk and give it a new lease of musical life.

As if to invert that very sentiment however, the final two minute track is a simple, unadorned recording of a late nineteenth century Swiss music box, which has an unbelievably beautiful, if slightly faltering, mechanically straining sound to it. The box plays a wonderful little half tune that could have been mixed in with the other compositions here, but is actually so great to listen to in itself that it is a fantastic testament to the ear and judgement of Cuellar and Mills that they have chosen to let the little recording sit alone. I’d pay to hear an entire album of this wonderfully charismatic music box on its own, but for now it provides the perfect end to a highly enjoyable release.”

Richard Pinnell, The Watchful Ear

“In 2010 Partial (Noe Cuellar and Joseph Clayton Mills) were asked to participate in an exhibition of site specific installations and performances at Pilsen Vintage and Thrift, a second-hand store in the Pilsen neighborhood of Chicago. They responded by using the items found in the basement of the store to compose a piece of music, "H", which was performed at the store. Further investigations with the materials found there resulted in the recordings found on this disc. They are a far cry from my local thrift store, which is usually blanketed with a thick layer of loud pop music.

"Marcel" uses the thrift store objects in conjunction with other instruments and processes, moving from rich drone and rasp (shades of Cuellar's other band, Coppice) to sounds of plastic, metal and wood being manipulated in (somewhat) real time. The contrast between the acoustic sounds and the more electronic/processed work is never so great as to be jarring, everything blends together as textures are conjured and layered and played out. Things change fairly quickly throughout, but the piece has a rather relaxed feel. Somewhat like browsing through a thrift store.

"Paul" is a shorter piece assembled from recordings made while the pair were preparing for their performance. As such it's sparser than the first piece, with less processing after the fact. Lots of friction happening here, with what sounds like many wooden surfaces being rubbed, scraped or buffed. Lots of space too, giving the sonic episodes time to decay in memory, before the whole thickens up toward the end with some knocking a-rhythm.

The final short piece, "a Single screw of Flesh is all that pins the Soul", is an unaltered recording of a Swiss music box constructed in 1890. A nice little coda to a very interesting disc.”

Jeph Jerman, The Squid’s Ear

“Les trois pièces qui composent ce disque datent maintenant de 2010-2011, date à laquelle Coppice venait de se former. Même si ce duo n'a pas grand chose à voir avec Coppice, un intérêt fort pour l'abstraction est partagé avec les premiers enregistrements du duo. Mais le plus intéressant ne réside pas dans la comparaison. Déjà, le point de départ n'est pas très habituel. LL répond à une demande spécifique d'un magasin d'objets d'occasion sur Chicago, lequel a demandé aux artistes locaux d'investir le lieu de manière esthétique (pour des installations, performances, etc.) après les horaires d'ouvertures. Ainsi, Partial a choisi d'utiliser tous les objets possibles à l'intérieur du magasin pour créer leur musique lors d'une performance unique.

La première partie du disque est composé d'une partie de ces enregistrements réassemblés et édités par la suite. Le duo a su composer une musique pertinente et profonde, avec une acoustique unique, qui ressemble à une pièce composée à partir de logiciels informatiques. Le duo fabrique des nappes, des bruits blancs, et des percussions avec une délicatesse, une subtilité et une sensibilité impressionnantes. Souvent le volume est plutôt bas, cette pièce est de manière générale plutôt aérée, mais chaque son, parce qu'il est vraiment original et surprenant, possède une force et une profondeur qui ne laissent pas de marbre. De plus, le duo a véritablement composé une pièce très narrative lors de l'édition et a fait de cette pièce un morceau électronique abstrait qui évolue avec sens.

Quant à la seconde pièce, il s'agit d'un assemblement de différents essais acoustiques et non traités qui datent des préparatifs au concert. Le volume est encore plus faible, le son est encore plus abstrait, les silences sont plus présents. Je ne sais pas si c'est mieux, mais en tout cas, c'est à ce moment que la gestuelle des musiciens est la plus présente, que l'attention au son se fait le mieux ressentir, ainsi que la concentration nécessaire à la découverte de ces nouveaux matériaux. La forme de cette pièce est moins linéaire et moins narrative, elle évolue de manière abrupte et chaque sous-section est séparée par des silences, il y a moins de forme mais une plus grande présence des musiciens. Une sorte de focus sur le processus de création, sur la phase de recherche, un focus qui met beaucoup plus en avant les musiciens eux-mêmes ainsi que les objets utilisés, que l'on distingue mieux par ailleurs.

Puis Partial finit avec une très courte pièce de moins de deux minutes en laissant jouer une berceuse sur une boîte à musique du 19e siècle, une pièce un peu anecdoctique mais vraiment charmante. Cette conclusion met d'ailleurs en avant un des points essentiels de la musique de Partial : la volonté de laisser les objets s'exprimer tout en produisant une musique unique. Ce que le duo réussit très bien par ailleurs. Partial prend des objets, les utilise tels quels dans un geste personnel mais en communication étroite avec les objets eux-mêmes. Un dialogue profond entre les objets d'occasion et les musiciens, et une recherche sonore très originale, Partial utilise des objets usuels vraiment comme des instruments et tentent de s'approcher au plus près d'une musique instrumentale. Très bon travail, j'attends la suite de ce duo avec impatience.”

Julien Héraud, Improv-Sphere

"We jam econo," the Minutemen proclaimed, and I'm sure that at least one member of Partial could source that quote in a second. There's nothing remotely rocking or jammy about this local duo's music, but it couldn't be more economical. Noé Cuellar (of Coppice) and Joseph Clayton Mills (of Haptic) recorded LL in the basement of a Pilsen thrift shop, whose contents yielded every sound on this album of cheaply made but richly layered musique concrete. They keep their focus small, extracting moments of intrigue from environmental sounds and the tiny noises made by toys, tools, clocks, door hinges, and a 19th-century Swiss music box, whose unmolested song gets the last word. Every gesture is laden with multiple potential meanings, including the record's title: If you read LL as two Roman numerals, it could signify the 50/50 nature of collaboration. Or it could just remind you that this music comes from the lower level.”

Bill Meyer, Chicago Reader

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